Devising Newer Ways of Repayment
How good would it have been had there been no obligation to repay the loan or mortgage?
This is what most people think when required to make the monthly repayments.
But try as much as they can, they are never able to change the situation.
The borrower has to cut his monthly expenses to provide for the repayment.
The amount to be repaid includes the principal amount of the loan and the interest calculated based on the rate of interest prevailing in the market.
This is the traditional method of repayment.
The loan amount is broken into a number of small parts for an easy repayment.
The number of parts corresponds with the term of repayment.
Thus, if the loan or mortgage is to be repaid in a period of five years, the number of equal parts of the loan will be 60.
The repayments are to be made on a monthly or quarterly basis.
An improvement in the method above was made to reduce the burden of a borrower.
The borrower is required to pay regular monthly installments as in the earlier method.
After a certain number of installments the borrower can pay the remaining balance of the loan with a single balloon payment.
An alternative of the traditional method of repayment is an interest only repayment.
In this type of repayment, the borrower is required to pay only the interest.
At the end of the term of repayment or any particular time period desired by the borrower, the balance on the loan is repaid in full.
The monthly repayment in the interest only method is far less than in the former method.
This is because the monthly repayment in the case of the former includes both principal and interest.
It is on this count that people prefer to repay through the interest only method.
However, this method of repayment increases the cost of the loan.
A repayment vehicle is created to repay the loan or mortgage at the end of the term of repayment.
The borrower is required to pay a monthly figure into the repayment vehicle.
Another method of repayment which is not very popular but can be used for short term loans is the payment of principal and interest in one installment.
This is helpful for people who need funds during contingencies.
They can pay off the loan when the situation improves.
An advantage of this type of loan is that the interest cost is less.
If you find that the methods discussed above are rigid as to the amount of monthly installments and the mode of repayment, then the equal principal payments will be helpful.
The interest in this method is calculated on a declining balance method.
Thus, it means that the repayments change every month according to the reduced balance.
Early or premature repayment of the loan or mortgage (if permitted by the lender) is another repayment method.
Before signing any documents for loans and mortgages, one must properly check to see if the lender does not prohibit early repayment with a penalty clause.
Refinancing a loan or remortgaging a mortgage can help customers get a rebate for early repayment.
These transfer the loan or mortgage to another lender.
So the borrowers can benefit from a lower rate of interest and a rebate for early repayment.
Whatever be the method chosen, the ultimate end of it would be the repayment of the loan or mortgage in full.
All forms of repayment have their respective pros and cons.
A perfect match between the pros and cons of the repayment methods and the individual financial condition must be established in order to derive the best method of repayment.
There is not always an easy return from a particular method of repayment.
A wrong repayment method can be precarious to ones financial health.
The author, Andrew Baker, has done his masters in finance from CPIT. He is engaged in providing free, professional, and independent advice to UK residents.